2. Informative section

Social-awareness Lesson modules description


This program is based on six core life social emotional skills: self-awareness , self-regulation , social awareness, positive communication, responsible
decision-making. The lessons are organized in 2 modules, 5 broad and 17 narrow skills, as indicated in the table:



The program structure
Social and emotional development age features (SED)
SED in 2 age
SED in 3 age
SED in 4 age
SED in 5-6 ages
SED in 7-8 ages
Social and emotional development for children age 2.
Children at this age still find it difficult to control their feelings, so tantrums often occur, but usually by the age of 3 years the number of unreasonable emotional outbursts decreases. The following are the main characteristics of a child's social and emotional development:
Self-awareness
- begins to talk about himself in the first person;

- can define and say about his condition by facial expressions, gestures or words (it hurts me, I want to sleep ...);

- thinks discretely (either bad or good - he is not aware of the intermediate state).
Self-control
- can sometimes (rather rarely) restrain strong emotions, but then these feelings can flare up from excitement, fear or disappointment;

- has poor impulsive control;

- tries to be independent.
Social awareness
- still mixes fantasy and reality;

- can show empathy for others.
Social interaction
- interacts with other children for a short period of time;

- hard to share his toys;

- copies the behavior and play of adults;

- likes to play games with transformations and dressing up;

- often uses no.
Making a responsible decision
- makes a hard choice.
Social and emotional development for children age 3
The child already has his own preferences, knows what he likes and what does not. At this age, children are already better able to tell how they feel, thanks to this the number of tantrums decreases. Below are the highlights of a child's social and emotional development:
Self-awareness
- is able to show what he likes and what he doesn't;

- "I" is strongly manifested.
Self-control
- learns to express their emotions, trying to restrain negative behavior;

- tries to talk about strong feelings;

- becomes more independent.
Social awareness
- may ask parents and other family members for help;

- becomes more aware of the others feelings.
Social interaction
- can play in turns;

- begins to build social connections while playing with other children;

- copies the behavior of other children;

- with friendship, an emotional connection is established;

- resolves conflicts with the help of adults;

- participates in creative play (the practice of interacting with people in real life).
Making a responsible decision
- learns to compare his behavior with the consequences.
Social and emotional development for children age 4
Children in age 4 are more willing to explore their emotions and find positive ways to express their feelings. However, they still struggle with their impulses. A child in this age loves to be surrounded by other children. Below are the highlights of a child's social and emotional development:
Self-awareness
- strives for new experiences;

- begins to realize himself as a person with a body, opinion and emotions;

- can recognize own emotions.
Self-control
- is able to name his emotions and determine the reasons for their appearance;

- better manage own impulses;

- able to perform simple self-regulation techniques.
Social awareness
- demonstrates empathy to others;

- compares himself with other children;

- begins to understand that not every person thinks and acts like him.
Social interaction
- shows willingness to be part of the group;

- begins to practice active listening to others;

- shares experiences, thoughts with other people;

- strive to be in the company of other people;

- builds trusting and emotional relationships with family and friends.
Making a responsible decision
- able to assess a minor problem and find a solution;

- able to assess what is good and what is bad.
Social and emotional development for children 5-6 ages
At this age children show the greatest impulse control. Most children in 5 and 6 ages are able to sit still and follow directions. However, they are still prone to unexpected outbreaks if things don't go according to their plan. Below are the highlights of a child's social and emotional development:
Self-awareness
- замечает разницу между собой и окружающими;

- начинает понимать, что значит быть смущенным.
Self-control
- может использовать больше слов для описания своих эмоций;

- может остановиться и подумать прежде, чем что-то сделать;

- способен ждать своей очереди.
Social awareness
- чувствителен к эмоциям другим;

- начинает понимать социальные различия (например, бедность и богатство).
Social interaction
- принимает чужое мнение;

- хочет угодить друзьям;

- имитирует поведение друзей;

- уважительно играет с другими;

- способен найти решения по разрешению конфликтов с друзьями;

- нравится быть в кругу друзей.
Making a responsible decision
- способен сделать выбор из 2-3 вариантов;

- понимают последствия своего поведения.
Social and emotional development for children 7-8 ages
At this age children make more and more friends, and you can observe how they imitate the behavior of those with whom they are friends. The child tries to resolve conflicts on his own. However, sometimes he can still turn to an adult for help to resolve the conflict with peers. Below are the highlights of a child's social and emotional development:
Self-awareness
- знает, что хочет и в чем нуждается;

- появляется чувство собственного достоинства;

- может быть слишком самокритичным;

- описывает себя, основываясь на своих умениях, навыках и наличии каких-то благ (например, у меня есть собака, я люблю плавать).
Self-control
- уверенно говорит о своих эмоциях словами;

- может отложить удовольствие на потом;

- способен самостоятельно справляться с эмоциями, когда расстроен;

- умеет сознательно переходить из одного эмоционального состояния в другое.
Social awareness
- проявляет интерес к абстрактным понятиям (например, справедливость);

- проявляют сочувствие к людям, которые испытывают социальные трудности.
Social interaction
- делится своим мнением со сверстниками;

- способен самостоятельно найти решение конфликтных ситуаций с друзьями;

- соревнуется во время игры;

- подражает своим друзьям.
Making a responsible decision
- способны оценить преимущества и недостатки решения;

- способны оценить и прогнозировать последствия своего поведения.
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